Herb history. Phytotherapy being reviewed again now
Do you know when the first medicine prescribed in hospitals was discovered and manufactured? In 1830, a component called "salicin" was first discovered from a plant called "Western dayflower", and after repeated research on its extraction and synthesis, "aspirin" was invented for the first time in 1899. From there, Western medicine (medicine medicine) to the present day started.
Ancient Egypt (around 1700 B.C.) already has records of the cultivation of 700 kinds of herbs. In Ayurveda in India, it is said that plant therapy has been practiced since around 3000 AD. After that, Hippocrates, the father of medicine in ancient Greece, is said to have first prescribed 400 kinds of herbs in the field of medicine, and his disciples continued to study plants and formulate various prescriptions using herbs until the Middle Ages. I came. In the Middle Ages, specialists called herbalists were active one after another, and herbs were systematized as we know them today. On the other hand, due to the epidemic of plague and the spread of viral diseases, Western medicine will move to the world of modern pharmacology centered on drugs, such as the discovery of antibiotics. It can be said that the 20th century was the heyday of pharmaceutical science. However, since the latter half of the 20th century, the number of epidemics and infectious diseases has decreased, and in addition to the emergence of many problems related to drug damage and side effects, the number of diseases that can be cured with drugs has steadily decreased. And today, as you all know, the number of diseases that cannot be cured by medicine, such as "lifestyle-related diseases" and "stress-related diseases", which are greatly affected by changes in diet and social life, is increasing. The body making that doesn't become is now reviewed.
In the past few years, the old-fashioned traditional medicine, naturopathy, has come to be reconsidered, and now we are in the era of fusion of Western medicine and alternative medicine, in other words, the era of integrative medicine. In this way, the history of phytotherapy can be called the history of mankind, and it is a therapy supported by a deep and long history.